In addition to their three small reserves located on the Lake Ontario shoreline, the Mississaugas of the Credit held 648,000 acres of land north of the Head of the Lake Purchase lands and extending to the unceded territory of the Chippewa of Lakes Huron and Simcoe. In mid-October, 1818, the Chippewa ceded their land to the Crown in the Lake Simcoe-Nottawasaga Treaty and, by the end of October, the Crown sought to purchase the adjacent lands of the Mississaugas of the Credit.

The Deputy Superintendent of the Indian Department, William Claus, met with the Mississaugas from October 27-29, 1818, and proposed that the Mississaugas sell their 648,000 acres of land in exchange for an annual amount of goods. The continuous inflow of settlers into their lands and fisheries had weakened the Mississaugas’ traditional economy and had left them in a state of impoverishment and a rapidly declining population. In their enfeebled state, Chief Ajetance, on behalf of the assembled people, readily agreed to the sale of their lands for £522.10 of goods paid annually.

Major cities found within the lands of the Ajetance Purchase of 1818 include Brampton and Milton.

Ajetance Treaty, No. 19 (1818)

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The Ajetance Purchase (Treaty 19) was signed with the Mississaugas of the Credit in 1818 and includes Brampton and Milton.

Head of the Lake, Treaty No. 14 (1806)

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A day after the Toronto Purchase agreement was reached in 1805, the Mississaugas of the Credit were asked to sell lands immediately west of the lands they had ceded the day before. A provisional [...]

The Toronto Purchase Treaty No. 13 (1805)

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  The Crown, in the 1780s, recognized the need to secure communication and supply lines to their western outposts and to unite the settlements along Lake Ontario from Kingston to Niagara. In order to [...]

Mississaugas Treaty at Niagara (1781)

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  The American Revolution (1775-1783) compelled the British Crown to search for secure transportation and communication lines to its western garrisons as well as for ways to provision them. Observing that the west bank [...]